Types of control reducing the impact of a stressor
Cognitive control is the ability to use thought processes or strategies, such as thinking about the event differently, focusing on the neutral thought or sensation, to defy the impact of a stressor.
Decisional control is the ability to see alternative procedures or courses of action for optimal decision-making between options.
Informational control is the ability to get knowledge about the stressful event.
Retrospective control is the ability to apply the past experience or reflect upon what caused the stressful event, blaming someone.
Behavioural control involves the ability to take concrete action, such as special breathing techniques, to reduce the impact of a stressor.
The most effective type of control is cognitive control (Cohen et al., 1986).
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