Trauma Focused Therapy
All the effective psychotherapies for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) focus on the traumatic experience, or experiences, rather than your past life. You cannot change or forget what has happened. You can learn to think differently about it, about the world, and about your life. You need to be able to remember what happened, as fully as possible, without being overwhelmed by fear and distress.
These therapies help you to put words to your experiences. By remembering the event, going over it and making sense of it, your mind can do its normal job, storing the memories away, and moving on to other things.
When you start to feel safer, and more in control of your feelings, you won’t need to avoid the memories as much. You will be able to only think about them when you want to, rather than having them erupt into your mind spontaneously.
The sessions should be at least weekly, with the same therapist, for 8-12 weeks.
EMDR or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can help you to remember your traumatic experiences with less distress and more control.
EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation & Reprocessing)
This is a technique which uses eye movements to help the brain to process flashbacks and to make sense of the traumatic experience. It may sound odd, but it has been shown to work.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a talking treatment which can help us to understand how “habits of thinking” can make the PTSD worse - or even cause it. CBT can help you change these “extreme” ways of thinking, which can also help you to feel better and to behave differently.
Other psychotherapies, including psychodynamic psychotherapy, can also be helpful. Care needs to be taken in complex PTSD because these treatments can make the situation worse if not used properly.
Reintegration: You begin to develop a new life for yourself. You become able to use your skills or learn new ones, and to make satisfying relationships in the real world (126).
Counselling and Psychotherapy may be provided via Skype and FaceTime in the comfort of your home, office or any place of your choice.