Transference and Countertransference
Transference is the redirection of emotions originally felt in childhood, the reactions which the client’s unconsciously activates and redirects to the psychotherapist. It links the client’s past experiences and his current emotional reactions.
Transference may be altered when the client projects their feelings experienced in previous significant relationships on to the therapist.
This occurs when the client reacts to the therapist as a key figure from their past, such as a parent, sibling, child or spouse.
The therapist can use transference by helping the client become aware of subconscious feelings to these important figures.
Countertransference can be considered the reverse of transference.
Transference and countertransference are relevant in every kind of psychological treatment.