The science of systems resulted from Bertalanffy's General System Theory (GST). Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson developed interdisciplinary perspectives in systems theory, such as positive and negative feedback in the social sciences. An aspect of systems theory, system dynamics is a method for understanding the dynamic behaviour of complex systems.
Systems theory studies the nature of complex systems in nature, society, and science. It is a framework for analysis and description of any group of objects, any organization or society that work in concert to produce some result.
Systemic Psychology (Gregory Bateson) is a branch of psychology that treats groups, and to some extent individuals, as systems that exhibit homeostasis.
Therapeutic applications, approach to family therapy were developed by Virginia Satir (the Milan Group).
Family Systems Theory evaluates family members in terms of their position or role within the system; the family as a living organism. The human family is seen to behave as a single emotional unit. Family issues and problems are attributed to the systematic relationships within the family group. Problems are treated by changing the way the system works.
1. IP: The identified patient (IP) who brought the family into treatment.
2. Homeostasis: The family system seeks to resist change.
3. The extended family field: the nuclear family plus the network of the extended family.
4. Differentiation: an ability of each family member to maintain own sense of self being emotionally connected to the family.
5. Triangular relationships. These triangles usually interlock in a way that maintains homeostasis.
A systemic approach focuses on the ways people build their stories about how they should live their lives and the impact of these stories on their patterns of relationship. A systemic therapist is active in facilitating development of these stories and patterns so people feel stronger and more able to make conscious choices in their lives.
Systems of Significance - Stories, Narrative, and Solutions. Co-Constructing Contexts for Change.
System Dysfunction is one of the core psychotherapeutic concepts. It is the concept of Family systems theory. Individuals are best understood through assessing the interactions within an entire family. Symptoms – are viewed as an expression of a dysfunction within a family. Problematic behaviours are a function of the family’s inability to operate productively. A family is an interactional unit and a change in one member affects all members.
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