Solution Focused Therapy
Solution Focused Therapy (SFT/SFBT) is a type of therapy that is based upon social constructionist philosophy.
Solution Focused Therapy is a here-and-now type of psychotherapy.
Solution-focused thinking has earned its place and is widely accepted in the fields of therapy, social care, education and business.
The approach focuses on the present and future.
Solution focused therapists believe that change is constant.
A way of working focuses at two methods:
* Supporting people to explore their preferred futures;
* Exploring when, where, with whom and how pieces of that preferred future are already happening.
The approach is practical and can be achieved with no specific theoretical framework beyond the intention to keep as close as possible to these two methods.
A key task in SFBT is to help clients identify and attend to their skills, abilities, and external resources (e.g. social networks). This process helps to construct a narrative of the client as a competent individual.
SFBT aims to help the client identify new ways of bringing these resources to bear upon the problem.
Resources can be identified by the client through use of scaling questions, problem-free talk, or during exception-seeking.
Resources can be Internal: the client's skills, strengths, qualities, beliefs that are useful to them and their capacities.
Resources can be External: Supportive relationships such as, partners, family, friends, faith or religious groups and also support groups.
The tools that are used in Solution Focused Therapy:
* The Miracle Question (a method of questioning used in Solution Focused Therapy - a coach, therapist, or counsellor uses this tool to aid the client to envision how the future will be different when the problem does no longer exist),
* Scaling Questions,
* Exception Seeking Questions,
* Coping Questions.
* Problem Free Talk is often over looked as a technique, a useful technique for eliciting resources. It is in the problem free areas you find most of the resources to help the client (Dan Jones).
Everybody has natural resources that can be utilized – events, talk. It gives you something to work with that you can use to help the client to achieve their goal. Even negative beliefs and opinions can be utilized as resources.
Solution focused therapists will talk about seemingly irrelevant life experiences, like leisure activities, relaxing and managing conflict; gather information on the clients values and beliefs and their strengths; use these strengths and resources to move the therapy forward. The strength from one part of their life can then be transferred to the area with the current problem.
Perhaps they have an area of their life where they remain calm even under pressure; or maybe they have trained a dog successfully and can identify that it was the way they spoke to the dog that made the difference and if they put boundaries in place using the same firm tonality the child might listen. It also relaxes them and helps build rapport.
Focus on what clients want to achieve through therapy.
Solution Focused Therapy is recommended for anxiety, anger, sleeping difficulties, stress, depression and relationship issues; to increase self-awareness. It is recommended for people attempting to make life changes. Counselling and Psychotherapy may be provided via Skype and FaceTime in the comfort of your home, office or any place of your choice.