Short-term memory supported by transient patterns of neuronal communication, dependent on regions of the frontal lobe (especially dorsolateral prefrontal cortex) and the parietal lobe.
Short-term memory allows one to recall something from several seconds to as long as a minute without rehearsal.
Its capacity is very limited. It encodes information acoustically. The capacity of short-term memory is typically on the order of 4-5 items.
Memory capacity can be increased through a process of chunking, the ability to chunk the information into meaningful groups. The ideal size for chunking is three letters and numbers (Herbert Simon). It relies mostly on an acoustic code for storing information, and to a lesser extent a visual code. There are difficulties with recalling collections of similar words (e.g. dog, fog, bog, log).
The short-term memory storage has generally a strictly limited capacity and duration. Information is not retained indefinitely.
If you have memory related issues Counselling and Psychotherapy may be provided via Skype and FaceTime in the comfort of your home, office or any place of your choice.