This method is based on the work of Sigmund Freud, who believed that unacceptable thoughts from early childhood are banished into the unconscious mind, but then influence thoughts, emotions and behaviour in later life (137).
The analyst encourages people to talk freely about personal experiences to help them discover things in their unconscious mind that are affecting their emotional and mental state.
Unconscious in psychoanalysis is a part of the mind containing repressed instincts and their representative wishes, not accessible to direct examinations. Barrier of censorship exists between the unconscious and the preconscious-conscious system. The concept of the psychoanalytic unconscious or cognitive processes (implicit cognition) states that take place outside of awareness.
Preconscious/Subconscious in psychoanalysis are the mental contents which are not currently in consciousness but accessible to consciousness by directing attention to them (memories).
There is a barrier between preconscious and unconscious.
Another barrier is between preconscious and consciousness in topography (Freud) and the structural model of id-ego-superego.
Psychoanalysis is an in-depth, intense therapy based on the understanding that we are largely unaware of the mental processes that determine our thoughts, feelings and behaviours.
"Repressed" feelings can surface as conflicts, depression, or through dreams or creative activities.
Free associations (where you relate whatever comes into your head during the session), dream interpretation, and tapping into unconscious desires (all part of Freud’s theories) allow people to explore repressed or unconscious anxieties and internal conflicts. "Transference" is a method used, whereby clients are encouraged to subject their feelings about people and relationships in their life onto the analyst (137).
The analyst seeks to interpret troubling feelings and relationships from the past, bringing them to the forefront of the client’s mind so that any negative feelings can be dealt with.
This type of therapy is often used by clients suffering high levels of distress and can be a lengthy and intensive process (137).
If you require help and advice Counselling and Psychotherapy may be provided via Skype and FaceTime in the comfort of your home, office or any place of your choice.