Person-Centred Therapy (Client-Centred Rogerian therapy)
It was developed in the 1930s by the American psychologist Professor Carl Rogers from psychoanalysis.
Rogers introduced of the terms “client” and “way of being”, and created a supportive environment by a close personal relationship between a client and a therapist.
Person-centred therapy is associated with the human potential movement defined human nature as inherently good. It assumed that human behaviour is motivated by a drive to achieve one's fullest potential.
The concept of Rogerian therapy is Self-actualization. The concept of self-actualization focuses on human strengths rather than human deficiencies, the tendency of all human beings to move forward, grow, and reach their fullest potential; to be concerned for others and behave in honest, dependable, and constructive ways. Self-actualization can be blocked by an unhealthy self-concept (negative or unrealistic attitudes about oneself).
The key elements: the client determines the general direction of therapy, while the therapist seeks to increase the client's insight and self-understanding through informal clarifying questions.
The approach is nondirective “person-centred”.
Focus is on personal growth and self-actualization.
Aim of the therapy is as follows:
* increase of self-esteem and greater openness to experience;
* closer agreement between the client's idealized and actual selves;
* better self-understanding;
* lower levels of defensiveness, guilt, and insecurity;
* more positive and comfortable relationships with others;
* increase of capacity to experience and express feelings at the moment they occur.
The most important factor in successful therapy is the therapist’ attitude.
Three interrelated attitudes on the part of the therapist are central to the success of person-centred therapy:
* unconditional positive regard; and
Congruence refers to the therapist's openness and genuineness. Unconditional positive regard means that the therapist accepts the client totally for who he or she is without evaluating or censoring, and without disapproving of particular feelings, actions, or characteristics. The third necessary component of a therapist's attitude is empathy - “accurate empathetic understanding”.
A special method called reflection, which consists of recalling, paraphrasing and/or summarizing what a client has just said, gives clients an added opportunity to examine their own thoughts and feelings as they hear them repeated by another person. Generally, clients respond by elaborating further on the thoughts they have just expressed. This approach allows clients to engage in focused, in-depth self-exploration, eventually recognize alternative ways of thinking that will promote personal growth.
The method places much of the responsibility for the treatment process on the client, with the therapist taking a nondirective role.
The therapist demonstrates active listening, eye contact, reflection; careful and perceptive attention to what the client is saying; openness and genuineness; a willingness to listen without interrupting, judging, or giving advice. This attitude of positive regard creates a non-threatening context in which the client feels free to explore and share painful, hostile, defensive, or abnormal feelings without worrying about personal rejection by the therapist. The therapist appreciates of the client's situation from the client's point of view, showing an emotional understanding of and sensitivity to the client's feelings throughout the therapy session. The therapist does not attempt to change the client's thinking in any way.
Settings: counselling, individual, group, or family psychotherapy; a one-hour session once per week; scheduling may be adjusted according to the client's expressed needs. The client decides when to terminate therapy. Termination usually occurs when the client feels he is able to better cope with life's difficulties. It is frequently employed as play therapy.
The concepts and methods of Rogerian therapy are used in an eclectic fashion by many different types of counsellors and therapists.
Person-centred counselling and Person-centred therapy are recommended for for individuals who are motivated to find out more about themselves and work towards solving their issues; for treatment of depression, anxiety, alcohol disorders, cognitive dysfunction, personality disorders and relationship problems.
Contraindications: a client is not interested in therapy; a client was forced to attend therapy, and a client is not accepting nondirective therapy.
Counselling and Psychotherapy may be provided via Skype and FaceTime in the comfort of your home, office or any place of your choice.