Cognition is the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge through thought, experience, and the senses, and a perception, sensation, or intuition resulting from this (117).
Metacognition is cognition about cognition, or knowing about knowing (109).
Writings on metacognition can be traced back at least as far as De Anima and the Parva Naturalia of the Greek philosopher Aristotle. (118)
Metacognition can take many forms. It includes:
* Knowledge about when and how to use particular strategies for learning or for problem solving (109),
* Metamemory, defined as knowing about memory and mnemonic strategies, is an especially important form of metacognition (67).
Differences in metacognitive processing across cultures have not been widely studied, but could provide better outcomes in cross-cultural learning between teachers and students (198).
Some evolutionary psychologists hypothesize that metacognition is used as a survival tool, which would make metacognition the same across cultures (198).
If you require help or advice Counselling and Psychotherapy may be provided via Skype and FaceTime in the comfort of your home, office or any place of your choice.