Long-term memory can be divided into declarative (explicit) and procedural (implicit) memories (Anderson, 1976).
Declarative memory requires conscious recall, information explicitly stored and retrieved.
Declarative memory is sub-divided into semantic memory (facts taken independent of context) and episodic memory (information specific to a particular context).
Semantic memory encoding of abstract knowledge, used personal memories as the sensations, emotions, and personal associations of a particular place or time, autobiographical memory, visual memory -mental image of senses related to visual experience, perceptual representation.
Procedural memory is based on implicit learning; employed in learning motor skills. It is a subset of implicit memory; unconsciously accessing aspects of those previous experiences; involved in motor learning. It depends on the cerebellum and basal ganglia.
Long-term memory can store large quantities of information for potentially unlimited duration, encodes it semantically. Its maintained by stable and permanent changes in neural connections widely spread throughout the brain (106).
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