Lazarus’ cognitive appraisal
Lazarus’ cognitive appraisal emphases the transactional nature of stress.
Stress is a two way process. The environment produces stressors and the individual finds ways to deal with these.
Cognitive appraisal is a mental process by which people assessed two factors: whether a demand threatens their well being and whether a person considers that they have the resources to meet the demand of the stressor.
People who have a strong sense of personal control report experiencing less strain from stressors.