Integrative Psychotherapy represents an attempt to combine ideas and strategies from more than one theoretical approach combining proven techniques.
Integrative Psychotherapy theoretical basis is the theories of human development throughout the life-cycle.
In this type of therapy several distinct models of counselling and psychotherapy are used together.
Integrating concepts and techniques
Integrative Psychotherapy (IP) is any methodology and integrative orientation in psychotherapy which exemplifies, or is developing towards, a conceptually coherent, principled, theoretical combination of two or more specific approaches, and/or represents a model of integration in its own right.
IP promotes flexibility in its approach to problems.
Integrative therapists draw on different strategies, techniques and theoretical constructs when dealing with particular situations; the importance of foregrounding particular approaches or combinations of approaches in regard to specific problems.
Forms of integrative psychotherapy include:
* Multimodal Therapy,
* the Transtheoretical Model,
* Cyclical Psychodynamics,
* Systematic Treatment Selection,
* Cognitive Analytic Therapy,
* Internal Family Systems Model, and
* Multitheoretical Psychotherapy.
In practice, most experienced psychotherapists develop their own integrative approach over time.
Concept: There are three basic ways in which integration can be conceptualized:
* Technical eclecticism. Methods of psychotherapy are chosen to suit the problem a client and a therapist with less regard for theoretical integration but more concern with what works.
* Theoretical integration. Here two or more fundamental approaches are integrated and/or blended to create a new form.
* The Transtheoretical model (TTM) is a model of intentional change; a theoretical model of behaviour change, which has been the basis for developing effective interventions to promote health behaviour change.
* Transtheoretical Integrative Process Model (Core Model) Focus on the decision making of the individual. The model involves emotions, cognitions, and behaviour, explains or predicts a person's success or failure in achieving a proposed behaviour change, such as developing different habits. It is a theoretical model of behaviour change, which has been the basis for developing effective interventions to promote health behaviour change.
* Multitheoretical Psychotherapy (MTP) was developed by Jeff E. Brooks-Harris. It is a new integrative model that combines elements of technical eclecticism and theoretical integration. MTP is organized around five principles for integration: Intentional; Multidimensional; Multitheoretical; Strategy-Based; Relational. Applications of MTP: to depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and health problems.
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