Integrative Psychotherapy - Theoretical integration
In Theoretical integration two or more fundamental approaches are integrated and/or blended to create a new form.
Some models of theoretical integration focus on combining and synthesizing a small number of theories at a deep level, whereas others describe the relationship between several systems of psychotherapy.
Cyclical Psychodynamics (Paul Wachtel's model) integrates psychodynamic, behavioural, and family systems theories.
Cognitive Analytic Therapy (Anthony Ryle’s model) integrates ideas from psychoanalytic object-relations theory and cognitive psychotherapy.
Transtheoretical Model describes the relationship between several different theories (Prochaska and DiClemente).
A theoretical integration follow the epistemological bases:
Constructivism. Human knowledge, making meaning, about relationships, self, others and the world is constructed in relationship and can be re-made in new relationships.
Phenomenology. The client's subjective experience is his/her truth and we use that as a starting point, accepting what's given and honouring the client's world as it is.
Field theory states that life is always in flux and contains conflicts towards growth and regression.
Developmental self-psychology & Relational Psychotherapy states that early relationships are primary in forming internal structures that influence the development of subsequent relationships.
Relational Psychotherapy is a model driven by the client’s experience and the client’s needs.
Humanism is essentially optimistic about human potential.
See Transtheoretical Integrative Process Model (Core Model)
Assimilative integration: Formal models of assimilative integration have been described based on a psychodynamic foundation and based on cognitive-behavioural therapy (select a theoretical orientation that serves as their foundation but, with experience, incorporate ideas and strategies from other sources into their practice).
Emerging Models combine aspects of the traditional Routes, such as Hill’s three-stage model of helping skills from different theories during different stages of helping, a combination of theoretical integration and technical eclecticism.
Good and Beitman's integrative approach integrates common factors and technical eclecticism.
Multitheoretical Psychotherapy (Brooks-Harris) combines elements of technical eclecticism and theoretical integration.