Emotions (positive or negative) are complex reaction patterns, involving experiential, behavioural, and physiological elements associated with a personally significant matter.
Emotions associated with measurable physical responses to salient stimuli, such as the increased heartbeat, diarrhoea, and perspiration that accompany fear, and the muscle tension that accompanies anger.
Fundamental attributes of emotions are: physiological arousal, behavioural expression, and conscious experience.
Feeling is physiologically based and affect-made. It is conscious, possessing, evaluative capacity which is psychologically and sometimes relationally oriented.
Different emotions and feelings cause a detectable physical response in the body which are often perceived as sensation.
Fear and anger are felt as a heightened heartbeat, increased “flinch” response, and increased muscle tension.
Robert Masters’ theory related to distinctions between affect, feeling and emotion states that affect is an innately structured, non-cognitive evaluative sensation that may or may not register in consciousness.
Happiness is often felt as an expansive or swelling feeling in the chest and the sensation of lightness.
Sadness is often experienced as a feeling of tightness in the throat and eyes.
Shame can be felt as heat in the upper chest and face.
Desire can be accompanied by a dry throat, heavy breathing, and increased heart rate.
Emotion is an essential part of human decision-making and planning, an information source in this decision making process.
Emotion is the antithesis of reason. It can be undesirable and repressed.
ABC model states that emotions have three fundamental attributes:
A. physiological arousal,
B. behavioural expression, and
C. conscious experience, the subjective feeling of an emotion, necessary for a full fledged emotional event, though the intensity of each may vary greatly.