Psychodynamic psychotherapy is a method of verbal communication used to help a person find relief from emotional pain (199). Emotional problems are results of the client's unconscious motives and conflicts.
Psychodynamic approaches: focuses on unconscious thought processes, which manifest themselves in an individual's behaviour. Clients explore unresolved issues and conflicts from the past which affect them in the present. Maladaptive functioning developed early in life, unconscious, dissonance, the poorly formed function.
Treatment: in-depth treatment, work with the unconscious content; Free Associations; treatment of the discomfort, acknowledge the existence of the maladaption, develop strategies for change.
Focus: The therapists focus on the person’s feelings to other people, especially the family, involves discussing past experiences, and it influences on the present situation and person’s life, helps clients gain an understanding about the causes of their problems, and to equip them to deal with future difficulties. The understanding gained frees the person to make choices about what happens in the future. Emphasis placed on the client-therapist relationship.
The therapeutic attitude: therapeutic distance, or therapeutic neutrality, a client’s transference reaction.
The method of treatment: expressive or supportive.
Expressive therapy is exploratory, based on the rationale that difficulties experienced in adult life originate in childhood; seeks to relieve symptoms through the development of insight.
Supportive therapy is used to relieve immediate distress; to return the person to his or her previous level of functioning; and to strengthen adaptive ways of coping that the individual already possesses in order to prevent further discomfort.
Dynamic psychotherapy tends to be brief and less intensive than psychoanalysis, and also relies more on the interpersonal relationship between a client and a therapist than do other forms of depth psychology. It tends to be eclectic, taking techniques from a variety of sources.
Long-term individual dynamic psychotherapy is an individual psychotherapy lasting for longer that the 9 months, up to five times a week.
Indications: long-lasting and complicated emotional difficulties or significant maturational problems in their personal development, problems of personality and relationships.
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