Disorder of the body image
Disorder of the body image includes distortion of the body size, sharp, or body parts such as the awareness of a phantom limb after amputation; hemi-somatognosia when the person feels, incorrectly, that a limb is missing; anosognosia which means lack of awareness of loss of function often of hemiplegia; general distortion of the body image, and reduplication of the body or its parts.
Body schema is a person's subjective representation against which the integrity of his body is judged and the movement and positioning of its parts assessed, or general distortion of the body image.
Distorted awareness of size and shape of the body may occur in a healthy tired person.
Distortion of the body schema may occur in neurological disorders (Lishman, 1998) or in anorexia nervosa.
Distorted awareness of size and shape of a limb may occur in migraine, epileptic aura, after taking LSD.
The reduplication phenomenon, when the body or its part has doubled, may be sometimes accompanied with autoscopic hallucinations.
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