Cognitive therapy (CT) is based on the theory that depression is due to distortions in the client's perspectives, such as all-or-none thinking, over-generalization, and selective perception. Depressed people have negative thoughts about themselves, their experiences in the world, and the future (26).
Cognitive therapy is based on the idea that a person's feelings and behaviour result from that person's perceptions of the world and that psychological disturbances result from faulty ways of thinking.
Cognitive therapy sees individuals as active participants in their environments, judging and evaluating stimuli, interpreting events and sensations, and judging their own responses.
In cognitive therapy, the client and therapist combine to examine thinking patterns and behaviours and change them so that the client can function more effectively.
The focus of therapy is often on distorted thinking. Techniques challenge the clients distorted thoughts and replace them with more effective thinking.
The treatment is based on the principle that maladaptive behaviour (ineffective, self-defeating behaviour) is triggered by inappropriate or irrational thinking patterns, called automatic thoughts. Instead of reacting to the reality of a situation, an individual automatically reacts to his or her own distorted view of the situation.
Cognitive therapy strives to change these thought patterns, known as cognitive distortions, by examining the rationality and validity of the assumptions behind them.
Methods of Cognitive therapy
Cognitive therapy includes some behavioural components, advocates of Beck's particular approach seek to maintain and establish its integrity as a distinct, clearly standardized kind of cognitive behavioural therapy (95).
Cognitive therapy seeks to help the client overcome difficulties by identifying and changing dysfunctional thinking, behaviour, and emotional responses. This involves helping clients develop skills for modifying beliefs, identifying distorted thinking, relating to others in different ways, and changing behaviours (92).
It is recommended for people with mild to moderate Depression, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Phobias, Personality Disorder.
If you require help and advice Counselling and Psychotherapy may be provided via Skype and FaceTime in the comfort of your home, office or any place of your choice.