Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Cognitive Behavioural therapy (CBT) is the most commonly practiced type of cognitive therapy.
It is based on the belief that using both Cognitive therapy and Behavioural therapy is more effective than just one of these types.
Behavioural modification techniques and Cognitive therapy techniques, joined together, give rise to Cognitive Behavioural therapy.
Cognitive Behavioural therapy based on the theory that emotional problems result from distorted attitudes and ways of thinking that can be corrected.
The aim is to treat difficulties by problem solving, finding better strategies for coping, and overcoming irrational fears. Treatment is usually on a weekly one-to-one basis, lasting for up to a few months.
CBT is a highly structured psychotherapeutic method used to alter distorted attitudes and problem behaviour by identifying and replacing negative inaccurate thoughts and changing the rewards for behaviours.
CBT includes such techniques as relaxation training, exposure, exposure with response prevention, social skills training, including social cognition enhancement training for schizophrenia, social skills training in depression, social phobia, chronic mental illness, improving daily coping skills, optimize medication adherence self-control techniques, contingency management, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing.
When does CBT help?
CBT has been shown to help with many different types of problems. These include: anxiety, depression, panic, phobias (including agoraphobia and social phobia), stress, bulimia, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder and psychosis. CBT may also help if you have difficulties with anger, a low opinion of yourself or physical health problems, like pain or fatigue (47).
Depression and anxiety are unpleasant. They can seriously affect your ability to work and enjoy life. CBT can help you to control the symptoms. It is unlikely to have a negative effect on your life, apart from the time you need to give up to do it (47).
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends CBT as a treatment for a wide range of problems (140).
CBT has been effective for stress-related ailments, phobias, obsessions, eating disorders, and major depression (sometimes when combined with drug treatment).
It is recommended for dissociative identity disorder, eating disorders, generalized anxiety disorder, anger and alcohol drug abuse.
CBT is an effective treatment for clients with bulimia nervosa; obsessive-compulsive disorder; hypochondrias; effective for treating panic disorder without agoraphobia when provides some exposure and coping skills.
CBT is effective in combination with other treatment interventions: help generalized anxiety clients manage their worry, when combined with relaxation exercises.
Cognitive Behavioural therapy of Panic disorder often involves identifying specific fears, practice in “safe” and then real situation; interoceptive exposure, muscle relaxation and slow breathing to control anxiety before, during, and after the exposure.
If you require help and advice Counselling and Psychotherapy may be provided via Skype and FaceTime in the comfort of your home, office or any place of your choice.