Cognition is an information processing view of an individual's psychological functions.
Cognitive processes can be conscious and not conscious. It is associated with perception, intelligence, learning, reasoning, comprehension, inferring, decision-making, planning, and others abilities of the human mind.
Cognition is related to the capacities of abstraction, generalization, concretization, and meta-reasoning as beliefs, knowledge, desires, preferences and intentions of individuals.
Cognitive processes include such mental processes as memory, attention, action, problem solving, and mental imagery. It is a function of the brain (118).
The cognitive approach describes behaviour in terms of function.