Brain organization in relation to memory
Brain areas such as the cerebellum, striatum, cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and the amygdala are thought to play an important role in the memory.
The hippocampus is believed to be involved in spatial learning and declarative learning. Short-term memory is supported by transient patterns of neuronal communication, dependent on regions of the frontal lobe (especially dorsolateral prefrontal cortex) and the parietal lobe. Long-term memories are maintained by more stable and permanent changes in neural connections widely spread throughout the brain.
The hippocampus is essential to the consolidation of information from short-term to long-term memory; it does not store information itself. It may be involved in changing neural connections for a period of three months or more after the initial learning.
Brain areas such as the hippocampus, the amygdala, or the mammillary bodies are involved in specific types of memory.
The hippocampus is involved in spatial learning and declarative learning.
Damage to certain areas with subsequent memory deficits is a primary source of information.
Damage of adjacent areas or pathways in the area is responsible for the observed deficit. Learning and memory are attributed to changes in neuronal synapses, mediated by long-term potentiation and long-term depression.
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