Brain areas related to emotion
Emotions are related to activity in brain areas that direct our attention, motivate behaviour, and determine the significance of the events. Emotion competes with instinctive responses from the Reptilian cortex and the more logical, reasoning neocortex.
The physical sensation prepares us for action, as in the Fight-or-Flight reaction.
The following brain structures are most involved in emotion: Amygdala involved in detecting and learning of surroundings as emotional significance and the production of emotion, incl. negative emotions, fear.
Prefrontal cortex regulates of emotion and behaviour by anticipating the consequences of our actions, delaying gratification by maintaining emotions over time and organizing behaviour toward specific goals. Anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) plays a central role in attention, conscious, subjective emotional awareness; the initiation of motivated behaviour. Ventral striatum involved in the experience of goal-directed positive emotion, addictions experience.
The insular cortex is the physical experience of emotion, experiencing the emotion of disgust; it is connected to other brain structures regulating the body’s autonomic functions such as heart rate, breathing, digestion, etc. (39)
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