Autism is a mental condition characterized by great difficulty in communicating with others and in using language and abstract concepts (117).
Childhood autism usually has manifest before the age of three years, and accompanied with abnormal functioning in social interaction, communication, and restricted, stereotyped, repetitive behaviour; a range of other non-specific problems as phobias, sleeping and eating disturbances, temper tantrums, and deliberate self-harm.
Atypical autism present only after age three years, accompanied with a lack of sufficient demonstrable abnormalities in one or two of the three areas of psychopathology, reciprocal social interactions, communication, and restricted, stereotyped, repetitive behaviour, severe specific developmental disorder of receptive language, possible profound mental retardation. Autism is a lifelong developmental disability. It is sometimes referred to as an autism spectrum disorder or an ASD (4).
Children with some forms of autism, like Asperger's syndrome, can appear to have Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) because they like things to be the same, and may like to do the same thing over and over again, to help them feel less anxious (116).
Some people with autism do not seem to realise that night time is for sleeping, and may be up and about when everyone else wants to sleep. This will usually need the help of a specialist (163).
While all people with autism may share some common areas of difficulty, the degree of their condition will affect them in very different ways. Some are able to live relatively everyday lives. Others will need a lifetime of specialist support.
Therapy can provide support for those living with autism whilst possibly providing help with coping strategies (4).
Counselling, management of the behaviour, education for teachers and parents, Psychotherapy, behavioural modification are recommended.
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