Attention deficit disorder (ADD)
Attention deficit disorder (ADD) and Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), including Attention deficit syndrome with hyperactivity, is a Hyperkinetic disorder which has an early onset (usually in the first five years of life), and is characterised by inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity. It makes it difficult for people to control their responses.
These can be wide ranging, from movement to speech to attentiveness. Symptoms usually become apparent between the ages of three and seven, with boys more likely to be affected than girls. The biological mechanism is associated with dopamine D4 receptor gene.
Dopamine (one of neurotransmitters - chemicals that transmit nerves signals in the brain) disorders can cause a decline in neuro-cognitive functions, especially memory, attention, and problem-solving, contribute to attention deficit disorder and lead to constant restlessness, sustained motor activity, disorganization, a tendency to move from one activity to another without completion. While their intellect may be normal or advanced, more than half of children with ADHD have specific learning disabilities, such as dyslexia.
Others have disproportionately frequent specific delays in motor and language development, impairment of cognitive functions, lack of involvement in actions required cognition, resulting isolation, secondary dissocial behaviour, and low self-esteem.
Children with ADHD are also likely to be depressed, anxious and obsessive. It makes it difficult for people to control their responses. These can be wide ranging, from movement to speech to attentiveness.
This may be helped by CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) or Behavioural Therapy which can change behavioural patterns (140). Counselling and psychotherapy may be provided via Skype and FaceTime in the comfort of your home, office or any place of your choice.