Acute Stress Disorder
Acute stress disorder (ASD) is a specific disorder characterized by a cluster of anxiety and dissociative symptoms.
ASD is a psychological and physical condition that is caused by a very frightening or distressing event. People who have undergone a severe trauma (criminal assault, combat, natural or transportation disaster, etc.) may experience symptoms of ASD or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). These disorders are defined by their temporal connection to a traumatic event in the client's life. PTSD may come on months or years after the trauma.
The traumatized individual may experience nightmares, avoidance of certain situations and places, a sense of detachment or unreality. People can experience depression or hyperactivity, emotional numbing, a general feeling of being dazed, problems concentrating and sleeping, and amnesia for some part of the traumatic event. They may often re-live the traumatic event through nightmares and flashbacks. These symptoms are often persistent and can be severe enough to have a significant impact on their day-to-day life. (130)
Stress management and psychological treatment have been found helpful in coping with ASD and PTSD.
Psychological treatment includes:
* Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR),
* Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT),
* Rational Emotive Behavioral therapies (130).
Psychological Counselling is helpful in developing stress reduction strategies. Counselling and psychotherapy may be provided via Skype and FaceTime.